There are three types of cannabinoids:
- phytocannabinoids (found in plants)
- synthetic cannabinoids (produced in the lab)
- endocannabinoids (produced in the human body)
Cannabinoids mirror the endocannabinoids that our bodies naturally produce illustrating our close relationship with the cannabis plant.
The Cannabis plant contains over 100 types of cannabinoids. These are the chemical compounds created by the cannabis plant. They are used to treat a variety of conditions including pain, anxiety, inflammation, bone growth, even epilepsy and cancer.
They modulate comunication between cells, and also help when a deficiency or problem with our Endocannabinoid System exists. These cannabinoids bind to receptor sites throughout our brain (CB1 Receptors) and body (CB2 Receptors). Different cannabinoids have didfferent effects depending on which receptors they bind to. For example, THC binds to receptors in the brain whereas CBD (cannabidiol) has a strong affinity for CB2 receptors located throughout the body.
Some of the major Cannabinoids include:
- CBD (Cannabidiol)
- CBDA (Cannabidiolic Acid)
- CBG (Cannabigerol)
- CBGA (Cannabigerolic acid)
- CBC (Cannabichromene)
- CBCA (Cannabichromenenic acid)
- Δ9-THCA (Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid)
- Δ9-THC (Delta-9 Tetrahydrocannabinol)
- Δ8-THC (Delta-8 Tetrahydrocannabinol)
- THCV (Tetrahydrocannabivarin)