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What are Cannabinoids?

What are Cannabinoids - Restart CBD

There are three types of cannabinoids:

  • phytocannabinoids (found in plants)
  • synthetic cannabinoids (produced in the lab)
  • endocannabinoids (produced in the human body)

What are Cannabinoids - Restart CBD

Cannabinoids mirror the endocannabinoids that our bodies naturally produce illustrating our close relationship with the cannabis plant.

The Cannabis plant contains over 100 types of cannabinoids. These are the chemical compounds created by the cannabis plant. They are used to treat a variety of conditions including pain, anxiety, inflammation, bone growth, even epilepsy and cancer.

They modulate comunication between cells, and also help when a deficiency or problem with our Endocannabinoid System exists. These cannabinoids bind to receptor sites throughout our brain (CB1 Receptors) and body (CB2 Receptors). Different cannabinoids have didfferent effects depending on which receptors they bind to. For example, THC binds to receptors in the brain whereas CBD (cannabidiol) has a strong affinity for CB2 receptors located throughout the body.

Some of the major Cannabinoids include:

  • CBD (Cannabidiol)
  • CBDA (Cannabidiolic Acid)
  • CBG (Cannabigerol)
  • CBGA (Cannabigerolic acid)
  • CBC (Cannabichromene)
  • CBCA (Cannabichromenenic acid)
  • Δ9-THCA (Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid)
  • Δ9-THC (Delta-9 Tetrahydrocannabinol)
  • Δ8-THC (Delta-8 Tetrahydrocannabinol)
  • THCV (Tetrahydrocannabivarin)

<- Back to CBD 101: Table of Contents “ABCs of CBD”

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History of Hemp to CBD

History of Hemp - Restart CBD

Hemp is among the oldest industries on the planet, going back more than 10,000 years to the beginnings of pottery. The Columbia History of the World states that the oldest relic of human industry is a bit of hemp fabric dating back to approximately 8,000 BC.

From Hemp to CBD: a 400-year journey

1600s

In the 1600s, hemp and hemp seeds were introduced to North America from China and became an important agricultural crop.

Hemp was an important fiber source for grain bags, rope, wagon covers, and clothes. Hemp seed oil was important in the production of ink, paints, varnishes and lamp oil.

1790s

Presidents Washington and Jefferson both grew hemp. Americans were legally bound to grow hemp during the Colonial Era and Early Republic.

1800s

The rise of tobacco and cotton in the mid-1800s led to a decline in hemp production, and as hemp production diminished into the twentieth century, its THC content began to increase when it began to crossbreed with its southern Asian cousin.

1937

In 1937, Congress passed the Marihuana Tax Act which effectively began the era of hemp prohibition. The tax and licensing regulations of the act made hemp cultivation difficult for American farmers. The chief promoter of the Tax Act, Harry Anslinger, began promoting anti-marijuana legislation around the world.

1940s

Then came World War II. The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor shut off foreign supplies of “manila hemp” fiber from the Philippines. The USDA produced a film called “Hemp For Victory” to encourage U.S. farmers to grow hemp for the war effort. The U.S. government formed the War Hemp Industries Department and subsidized hemp cultivation. During the war, U.S. farmers grew about a million acres of hemp across the Midwest as part of that program.

After the war ended, the government quietly shut down all the hemp processing plants and the industry faded away again.

1960s

The psychoactive component of marijuana, THC, was not identified as such until the 1960s, at which point industrial hemp and high-THC varieties were indistinguishable.

2018

Cannabis has been shown to be effective for several ailments including pain, sleep apnea, seizures, multiple sclerosis, Chohn’s disease, glaucoma,  and chemotherapy-induced vomiting and nausea.

As of June 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved a drug containing CBD to reduce seizure occurrences in epilepsy. Shortly afterwards, the FDA approved pharmaceuticals containing CBD and less than 0.1% of THC. Other drugs containing synthetically derived active ingredients such as dronabinol and nabilone (which has a chemical structure similar to THC) are available to treat anorexia associated with weight loss among AIDS patients.

The Hemp Farming Act of 2018 was a proposed law to remove hemp (defined as cannabis with less than 0.3% THC) from Schedule I controlled substances and making it an ordinary agricultural commodity. Its provisions were incorporated in the 2018 United States farm bill that became law on December 20, 2018.

2019

Austin, TX – Gov. Greg Abbott signed HB 1325 into law, allowing Texas farmers to grow hemp commercially and making Texas the 45th state to approve hemp farming.

<- Back to CBD 101: Table of Contents “ABCs of CBD”

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If I Use CBD, Will I Pass a Drug Test?

CBD and Drug Tests

CBD can be purchased with and without THC.  In the states where marijuna is legal, CBD oil may contain oil from the marijuna plant or a combination of marijuana and hemp.  In states where marijuna is not legal, CBD oil should only come from the hemp plant.

Most CBD hemp oil contains <0.3% THC. While this is less than the legal limit in Texas, many drug tests can distinguish the difference between CBD and THC. However, not all drug tests separate between CBD and THC on test results.

Regarding drug testing, we cannot make any claims on whether or not any of our products will show up on a drug test.

Pure CBD isolate products have NO THC. Full spectrum products are made with a full spectrum CBD Oil and contain less than 0.3% CBD.

We are not legally able to make any guarantees or recommendations or regarding drug tests on THC free or Full Spectrum products. If that is a concern, we would recommend not consuming any CBD products and/or doing some further research at ProjectCBD.org, before making the decision to consume any CBD.

WARNING: if you suspect that you will be drug tested, please contact your employer/doctor/parole officer/etc. prior to using hemp or CBD Products.

It is not common for full spectrum CBD users to turn out a positive drug test for THC. Yet, it can trigger a false positive sometimes when consumers are using in upwards of 1,000 milligrams per day. The average CBD user typically only consumes between 50 to 100 milligrams per day. However, around 10 percent of those people who use CBD can test positive for THC. So, it can happen.

It can depend on not just the product, a full spectrum or Pure CBD Isolate, but some people metabolize CBD differently.

can also depend on the quality of the product and if the farmers and producers test their products for low THC levels.

When it comes to CBD it is always best to purchase these products from a reputable dealer. Due to their popularity, CBD products can now be found in convenience stores, vape shops and even truck stops all over the country.

While we are not saying that these products cannot be trusted, it is likely a better move to procure them from anywhere other than a corner store.  This may not better your chances of passing a drug test, but it could prevent any number of undesirable occurrences.

Just be careful out there!

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Synthetic CBD: Know the Difference

Synthetic CBD: Just Say No!

7 THINGS TO KNOW BEFORE YOU READ THIS:

  • We are not talking about marijuana. We are talking about Hemp products you currently find in your local grocery store and the CBD that comes from the hemp plant.
  • Cannabis Sativa L produces 2 plants: hemp and marijuana
  • CBD (cannabidiol) is produced by both plants
  • The Hemp plant contains less than 1% THC, usually less than .3%, and cannot get you “high”.
  • The Marijuana plant contains more than 1% THC, the cannabinoid that will get you “high”.
  • Hemp is not illegal and is not considered a drug.
  • The CBD we sell comes from the legal, non-intoxicating hemp plant.

Hemp CBD becoming a hot topic for those that want to provide healing and those that are greedy. Unfortunately many influential agencies are trying to manipulate the conversation for corporate financial benefit. This evolving dialogue will have a huge impact on society.

THE GOVERNMENT WANTS TO “PROTECT” YOU FROM CBD

Government agencies such as the DEA, FDA, and the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention continue to discover and publish the value of natural hemp CBD. So our government understands (to some extent) the health benefits associated with CBD but they also know the dangers of quick-profit businesses that are producing synthetic CBD products, like Spice, and introducing them into the marketplace. They are synthetically recreated in pharmaceutical labs for a huge profit.

Although cannabis is legal to grow and use in many states, it is still not legal in all states. This is one of the reasons why many sellers are stocking synthetic CBD over the naturally-derived kind: it doesn’t place them in potential legal jeopardy. It often comes from China, costs less, and is lobbied by pharmaceuticals to monopolize the market. However, with synthetic CBD comes a long list of “approved” side effects that natural, hemp-derived CBD does not possess.

During a 2015 study, the most common adverse side effects of synthetic cannabinoids, as reported by the CDC, were:

  • Agitation.
  • Vomiting
  • Tachycardia (abnormally rapid heart rate).
  • Confusion.
  • Drowsiness or lethargy.
  • 15 reported deaths.

Pharmaceutical CBD will more than likely be manufactured in a lab, once again providing the exact kind of synthetic CBD that the government is trying to protect us from, and introducing the side effects that caused the panic in the first place.

ILLEGAL SYNTHETIC CBD

The promise of the therapeutic effects of hemp CBD cause greedy companies to create a synthetic version of CBD (Spice or illegal designer cannabinoids) saying they will improve potency, efficacy, pharmaco-kinetic properties and make a huge profit from this natural substance that has all the holistic benefits in the plant itself.

FDA APPROVED SYNTHETIC CANNABINOIDS

Marinol is a well known “legal” synthetic cannabinoid that is endorsed by the FDA for pharmaceutical use, but it also has a long list of side effects, as expected from pharmaceutical companies. Side effects are not common with natural hemp CBD.

Regarding these synthetic cannabinoid drugs approved by the FDA, the FDA reports side effects that include but are not limited to:

  • mood changes;
  • weakness, lack of coordination;
  • dizziness, trouble concentrating;
  • anxiety, confusion;
  • feeling “high”;
  • stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea;
  • warmth or tingly feeling; or
  • disturbing psychiatric symptoms
  • sleep problems (insomnia).
  • hypotension (low blood pressure)
  • syncope (fainting),
  • tachycardia (fast heartbeat)
  • death 

We encourage you to become educated about the products you are buying.

  • Ask questions: What is the source of the CBD? Where is the hemp grown?
  • Read the labels.
  • Most importantly be aware of what is going on in the cannabis industry. Become an active voice in the conversation, and protect this amazing plant from the profiteering of those that are only interested in their profits and not interested in the health of our civilization.

SYNTHETIC CBD. Just Say No!

Additional Study on Cannabidiol as a Potential Treatment for Anxiety Disorders.

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Can you diffuse CBD oil?

CBD Diffusers - Austin Texas
CBD is everywhere and is even being sold in CBD diffusers.
However, it’s not really “therapeutically” possible to diffuse CBD oil and you will not benefit from any of the health benefits by diffusing CBD.
CBD Diffusers - Austin Texas
The key problem with trying to diffuse the medicinal effects of CBD into the air is that CBD is a cannabinoid. Cannabinoids are a substantially heavier molecule than the scent molecules you’d typically try to disperse through the air and they will remain behind when the diffusion process is complete.
If you are going to diffuse CBD, one important thing to remember is to NOT, under any circumstances, use a tincture. Though CBD oil and CBD tincture might sound similar, a tincture is actually made from an extract suspended in an alcohol solution, which could cause some serious problems if you try to diffuse it into the air.
If  you want the smell of hemp throughout your house but don’t feel like smoking some CBD flower, feel free to use some cannabis oil in a diffuser.  You won’t get high or receive any real effects (other than maybe some soothing aromatherapy), but you will create a nascent smell of cannabis that can dissipate inside your home.
For the therapeutic benefits of CBD, simply vape it, smoke it or put CBD oil directly under your tongue.  Although, the full spectrum taste is distinctive and can occasionally require a quick drink of water afterward, Pure CBD oil is odorless and tasteless.  Taking CBD orally is a great way to get the medicinal effects of hemp cannabis without having to deal with the smoky aftertaste of a toke from a joint.
Whatever your preferred methods or reasons, proper diffusion of cannabis sadly isn’t possible due to the molecular structure of the substances within the plant. However, if all you’re after is the smell of the cannabis plant, then common garden variety diffusers are perfectly suited to disperse the smell of musky cannabis throughout your home.  Or you might buy some CBD flower and smoke it for that faint smell of cannabis in your home.